Effect of plastic bottle on the environment written by : abdirask Hassan ali [irgin]
May 12, 2017 - Written by editor

‘’ Totality of nature including plants animals and everything around us is called environment. it

is a home of a lot creatures as well as human being, despite this human activity have been

altered the environment- the alteration of environment is also called disturbance which is any

change brought by intervention of nature system, the amongst is plastic bottles which is used

to hold all liquid material such water, and milk . the plastic bottles were first available

commercially in the years after second world war , the costs of these bottles were relatively

expensive and the countries like united state were just doing fine with the milkman delivering

in glass bottles and sodas available in returnable glass bottles . in the 1960 the cost of

manufacturing plastic is dropped sharply and production increased as the industry expanded,

apart from this plastic bottles have many advantage such as being lightweight, cheap easy to

shape and hard to break it plastic bottle also have two drawbacks in potentially harming or

killing wild life when littered or land filled however, from 1960 through 1990 it seemed every

liquid product become available in a plastic bottle and the most ubiquitous plastic bottles

items have been water, despite this Somaliland is accounts for the countries whose

consumption of plastics is its highest peak according to[WHO] report ‘’ discarded plastic bags

and containers represent the majority of solid wastes in hargesia’’

As we know the most obvious form of pollution in Somaliland associated with plastic

packaging is a wasted plastics sent to landfills, plastics are very stable and therefore stay in the

environment along time after they are discarded , especially if they are shielded from direct

sunlight by being buried in landfills, the decomposition rates of these plastics are further

decreased by anti-oxidants that manufacturers commonly add to enhance a container’s

resistance to attack by acidic contents also plastic put a big chemical burden on the

environment however the increases use of theses plastics may bring the following effects:

It disturbs the food chain: polluting plastics even affect the world’s tinniest organism such as

plankton when these organisms become poisoned due to plastic ingestion this causes a

problem to the larger animals that depend on them for food , this can cause a whole slew of

problems each step further along the food chain

Plastics are non biodegradable: plastics is not biodegradable but photodegradable , and in

reality, most of plastics doesn’t ever disappear , but becomes long lasting ‘’ plastic dust ‘’ when

items like plastic bags break down they readily soak up and releases toxins that then

contaminates soil and water , as well as harming animals that ingest plastic fragments and

there is no wining , producing recycled materials uses copious amount of energy , abetter

solution would be to reduce use plastics

It is danger to aquatic life: every square mile of oceans has 46000 pieces of plastic

floating in it that is why over a million sea birds , whales , seals , dolphins , sea turtles and so

on die from plastic debris that ends up on our oceans and seas 100, 000 sharks are also part

of the death toll

Ground water pollution: chlorinated plastics can release harmfull chemicals into the

surrounding soil which can then seep into ground water or other surrounding and also the

ecosystems this can cause serious harm to the species that drink the water

Abdirask Hassan ali +2250634675486


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